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Can anyone please suggest some successful pilots or application cases for P2P Energy Trading & Demand Response in different countries and share the links to study those implementations?

Krishnendranath Mitra's picture
Research Scholar CU

A Bachelor of Power Engineer and a Master of Management with a research focus on dynamic pricing of electricity.

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The best known company in the P2P space is Power Ledger ( from Australia.  They have multiple pilots going on around the world.  

In the US you can check out LO3 Energy (, the company behind the Brooklyn Microgrid Project.

My company, TRENDE (, is an energy retailer in Japan.  We are currently conducting a joint experiment with Toyota and the University of Tokyo on a P2P electricity system.,-Toyota-and-UTokyo-Experiment-with-Next-generation-Electricity-System

Frankly, however, it is still very early days for this field and the existing regulatory regimes and incumbent power utilities in developed economies will likely create a lot of friction to the adoption of P2P systems.

I may be wrong, but it is my belief that P2P will take off faster in off-grid rural communities in Africa and Asia.  I recommend taking a look at SOLShare ( in Bangladesh and Okra Solar ( in Cambodia and Philippines.

I’m happy to introduce you to any of these companies and they all have pilots that they can point to.  I hope this helps. 

Krishnendranath Mitra's picture
Krishnendranath Mitra on Jun 9, 2020

Thank you for the detailed information. Although I am have very limited knowledge in this field, but I also think that it will be easy to extensively introduce P2P in offgrid rural areas than in the grid connected megacities.

P2P Energy Trading

The papers below provide overview and description on some notable P2P energy trading projects.

  1. Chenghua Zhang, et al. “Review of Existing Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading Projects”, Energy Procedia Vol. 105 (2017), 2563-2568
  2. Chankook Park, Taeseok Yong, “Comparative Review and Discussion on P2P Energy Trading”, Energy Procedia Vol. 128 (2017), 3-9

From my research, observation and engagements with the relevant technology companies, even as of the year 2020, P2P energy trading projects are still within the boundary of pilot implementation. I have not come across with any wide-scale commercial P2P energy trading projects that is available for mass market. This is mainly because of the following reasons:

  1. Policy and regulation issues that hamper wide-scale deployment of P2P projects
  2. Lack of support from incumbent utilities on grid access and customer data sharing
  3. Lack of sustainable business model for technology providers. Most technology providers secure revenue from platform subscription fee + trading fee. However, they are unable to sustain the platform as costs to maintain the platform and in some cases measurement sensors, are higher. This is compounded with their inability to capture more customers based on the above two reasons.

Nevertheless, you might want to look into Sonnen (Germany) and their Sonnen Community. Sonnen sells battery to their customers and their platform also matches customers to electricity produced from renewable energy resources. To customers who are not interested in buying batteries but interested in getting electricity from renewable energy, they can subscribe to Sonnen Community with fixed monthly fee. As of 2020, Sonnen’s solution has evolved from community based energy sharing platform to Virtual Power Plant (VPP) platform where they aggregate batteries in Sonnen Community to supply energy to the grid when there’s network constraint. This is also similar to Tesla’s implementation in Australia.

Another example is by FlexiDao (Netherlands) where their Energy Sharing solution is defined as ‘pre-cursor’ to P2P Energy Trading. Their platform enables prosumers to share installation costs of rooftop solar with customers who are interested in renewable energy whilst having utility to facilitate and monitor the transaction and settlements.


Demand Response

There are already a lot of Demand Response projects has been or being implemented across the globe. I would like to suggest you to read the documentation from the link below, which is

by Smart Energy Demand Coalition (SEDC) Europe for you to have a general understanding on Demand Response applications.

Krishnendranath Mitra's picture
Krishnendranath Mitra on Jun 5, 2020

Thank you so much for the detailed information. It is really helpful.


The Oregon Clean Fuels program and the California Clean Fuels Standard program may be of interest to you, and are linked below.

Best Regards,

Charlie Botsford, PE,energy%2C%20of%20Oregon's%20transportation%20fuels.



Krishnendranath Mitra's picture
Krishnendranath Mitra on Jun 5, 2020

Thank you for the information.

I know P2P trading has been done in Spain by Klenergy-Tech, in Australia by Power Ledger, and in the US by L03 Energy.  All use blockchain technology to accomplish this.  I would suggest you contact each company to understand the extent of their P2P effort:


Power Ledger:

L03 Energy:

Feel free to drop me an email if you need further information.

Krishnendranath Mitra's picture
Krishnendranath Mitra on Jun 4, 2020

Thank you for the information and your suggestion.

I find that 'P2P energy trading'—especially in the blockchain world—is a nebulous idea / big tent under which you'll find many flavors of projects. Some are more fully transactive energy. Others are more window dressing with the 'energy trading' amounting to not much more than transferring 'solar credits' from one homeowner's surplus to another, but no real energy balancing. One of the most interesting projects, IMO, is Stedin's Layered Energy System in the Netherlands. This white paper is from November 2018, but they've made a lot of progress since then: 


Krishnendranath Mitra's picture
Krishnendranath Mitra on Jun 4, 2020

Thank you for the information.

I'm not sure if these would qualify for your research, but I'll pass them along and let you decide.

The PNNL Olympia Peninsula prices to devices pilot and the Brooklyn Microgrid project.



Krishnendranath Mitra's picture
Krishnendranath Mitra on Jun 4, 2020

Thank you. These are quite relevant for my research.

Dr. Amal Khashab's picture
Dr. Amal Khashab on Jun 4, 2020

Hi :

My question was: It is an interesting topic to me too, how can I download the report?

Kindly be informed that I have just downloaded the file. Thanks in advance.

Krishnendranath Mitra's picture
Krishnendranath Mitra on Jun 4, 2020

Thank you for the information.

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