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Egypt sent letter about GERD crisis to UN Security Council

Egypt’s Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry told his Estonian counterpart Urmas Reinsalu over the phone on Wednesday 5/6/2020 that Egypt sent a letter to the president of the UN Security Council (UNSC) on 1 May about the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) crisis after the failure of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan to reach an agreement on its filling and operation in the latest round of talks in the United States earlier this year, the Egyptian foreign ministry said. Estonia is currently a member of the UN Security Council and is heading the council in May. 

  • The letter Egypt sent to the Security Council details the stages the GERD issue has passed since its beginning and the actions and positions taken by Egypt in accordance with international law.
  • In the letter, it is revealed that on 10 April 2020, the Ethiopian prime minister sent a letter to the president of Egypt and the prime minister of Sudan proposing they agree to an Ethiopian plan for the execution of the first stage of the filling of GERD.
  • That plan was not shared with Egypt or Sudan. On 15 April 2020, Egypt’s president sent a message to the Ethiopian premier stating Egypt’s unwavering commitment to concluding a beneficial agreement on GERD, reaffirming that the 2015 Declaration of Principles obliges the three countries to work towards a comprehensive agreement to regulate both the filling and operation of the dam.

Egypt's letter moreover called on the international community to ask Ethiopia to respect its international legal obligations to the 2015 Declaration of Principles and to reconsider its position and to accept the agreement on the filling and operation of the dam initiated by Egypt in February 2020.

Dr. Amal Khashab's picture

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Dr. Amal Khashab's picture
Dr. Amal Khashab on May 10, 2020 11:50 am GMT

It is a good step to reactivate the tripartite negotiation process to reach a binding mutual agreement for the GERD first filling.

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