Electric Vehicles – Friend or Foe of Utilities
- Nov 17, 2021 6:41 am GMT
Electric vehicles (EVs) include various types of vehicles like two-wheelers, cars, buses, and commercial vehicles. The EVs can be categorized into three types i.e., Battery electric vehicles (BEVs), Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs).
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are powered completely by electricity and have an electric motor powered entirely by a large electric battery in place of combustion engine, fuel tank and exhaust pipe. The owner must charge battery via plugging in to an external power outlet.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) are most common types and use both combustion engine and electric motor with electric battery. The onboard computer decides when to use fuel vs battery. The battery does not need to be charged externally as the battery gets charged with a process called “Regenerative Braking”, i.e., the battery gets charged a little every time the brake is touched.
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