Throttle Valve Seat Upgrade Eliminates Aging Problems

image credit: MD&A
Jay Eldridge's picture
Vice President Sales & Marketing, MD&A

Bachelor of Science (BS) in Mechanical Engineering with a Mathematics Minor from Union College.  28 years’ experience working in the power generation industry.  Almost 17 of those years were...

  • Member since 2013
  • 45 items added with 67,773 views
  • Sep 9, 2021

MD&A was contracted to modify both the left and the right-hand side throttle valves on a Westinghouse® steam turbine on-site at the power plant. The upgrade was designed to reduce distortion on the valve casing, as well as the bonnet fit, and stud threads. Concurrently with the on-site work, our Turbine-Generator Repair experts performed the in-shop throttle valve bonnet modifications.

MD&A provided management, engineering, labor, materials, and equipment for both the on and off-site projects.

As part of the on-site work, each throttle valve received a pinned-in seat and Flexitallic® gasket modification. The aging throttle valve seats were removed, and new seats installed.  All bore and face surfaces were machined to achieve perpendicular and concentric conditions within the valves.

The tested and proven MD&A “Pinned Seat” design eliminates all the generic problems associated with the original seat design and incorporates the following benefits by:

  • Eliminating the support lip and most of the trepan groove, thereby removing trepan groove stress concentration areas
  • Moving the seat interference fits further downstream into the chest, where the chest wall is thicker and will not yield, helping to eliminate future trepan groove cracking
  • Adding an interference / sliding fit to the tail end of the seat, which greatly reduces the stresses on the front end shrink fits
  • Increasing the new seat-to-casing interference contact area, equalizing stresses along the body and reducing overall stresses on the front-end interference fits
  • Adding multiple radial pins which take the place of the seal weld as noted in the original design. These radial pins not only hold the seat in-place during severe thermal cycling but also eliminate differential expansion cracking problems along the old seal weld by eliminating the need for the seal weld altogether

Both the left and right-side throttle valve bonnets were blast cleaned to remove blue blush and allow for proper non-destructive testing. Upon inspection, MD&A experts found that both the left and right-side bonnet liners had excessive blue blush build-up.  While the bonnet bushings were removed, the bonnet liner bores were honed to restore the valve plug to liner clearance.  The bonnet casing fits were weld built-up and final machined to restore the proper clearance to the valve body fit IDs.

New threaded and bolted bonnet bushings were machined to the proper clearance and installed.

The gasket sealing surfaces were machined with a phonographic finish. The casing standoff and gasket surface drop heights were machined to allow for proper crush on the new Flexitallic® gasket.

Buttons were welded onto the outer portions of the bonnet flange face to allow for proper stud torque and compression.

Lastly, the bonnets were cleaned and prepared for shipment. Then the bonnets, with sub-assemblies installed, were returned to the plant and installed.

MD&A provides inspection, repair, restoration and upgrades of industrial and utility high-pressure valves and valve components. We offer full-service, one-stop valve repair while delivering consistent quality and value with fast response, superior communications, and innovative solutions.

Have MD&A look at your valves today, call our Turbine-Generator Repair Facility at (314) 880-3000 or use our Contact form.

Also be sure to sign up for our MD&A Insight e-newsletter delivered quarterly. Get our turbine-generator expert’s case studies and tips! Fill in sign up form and SUBSCRIBE!  

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Jay Eldridge's picture
Thank Jay for the Post!
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