Shell offsets CO2 emissions from lubricant for wind turbines
- Dec 3, 2019 12:45 pm GMT
- 1020 views
While the wind industry is striving to eliminate hydrocarbons an energy source, thus cutting CO2 emissions, wind turbines still use hydrocarbons as a lubricant. With that in mind, Royal Dutch Shell announced on 26 November at WindEurope Offshore 2019 in Copenhagen its gearbox oil for wind turbines, Shell Omala S5 Wind 320, is now carbon neutral.
The whole wind industry is about eliminating hydrocarbons a power source but were still using hydrocarbons as a lubricant within this area, Richard Tucker, Shells general manager for B2B Lubricants and Supply Chain Technology, told New Europe in an interview in Copenhagen on 26 November. Weve tried to reduce the amount by particularly by extending the life of the lubricants. So, the product were talking about comes with a 10-year life warranty. A few years that would have been three, five, maybe seven years, now its 10 so there is less hydrocarbons through the turbine. The final step because we cant go any further just yet is to offset that by using some nature-based solutions to compensate for the lifecycle CO2 emissions for the product so thats the piece of news were announcing today, Tucker added.
Maximising turbine efficiency will be key to wind remaining a driving force in the transition to a low-carbon energy system, said said Tucker before adding, The big thing for us, of course, is that is that as a lubricant company, weve been involved in the wind sector now, I dont know for that long, longer than I have been involved for sure, so decades, and we have been continuing innovating in our projects to try to help wind turbine operators, maintenance companies, etcetera drive up the reliability of the space. It has been a challenging area from a reliability perspective.
According to Shell, the 10-year warranty for the high-performance oil comes gives customers peace of mind that fewer oil changes are likely to be made during a wind turbines lifecycle. This reduces costly breakdowns, generates productivity gains, and helps to ensure consistent protection against equipment wear.
We still see statistics that say something more than 1,200 maybe gearboxes break down, average cost of the breakdown 300,000 to half a million, something like that it is a reliability challenge and the effect this has on the competitiveness within the mix of renewables is still a serious challenge. So, by innovating on the product side and also the services and solutions we can provide around that we hope to help the innovators to drive down their TSO and drive up their reliability, Tucker added. But increasing thats not enough, there is also efficiency, of course, and to be fair thats true for all industrial equipment we operated and particularly in this sector the story around sustainability as well.
Shells global portfolio of nature-based carbon credits will compensate CO2 emissions from the lifecycle of Shell Omala S5 Wind 320. Each carbon credit represents the avoidance or removal of greenhouse gases equivalent to 1 tonne of CO2. According to Tucker, measures such as gearbox optimisation also help ensure that the energy captured is stored and distributed resourcefully and does not go to waste further down the value chain, improving operations for customers, and helping to avoid the need for energy production from carbon emitting processes.
The turbine itself is the renewable part, the lubricant is not renewable itself were the offsetting the carbon dioxide or the greenhouse gas emissions from the lifecycle of that lubricant using nature-based solutions so thats protecting natural resources and growing natural resources when necessary and using carbon credits, said Tucker.
Nature-based solutions, or natural climate solutions, are projects which protect, transform or restore land. In this way, nature absorbs more CO2 emissions from the atmosphere. The protection, or redevelopment, of natural ecosystems such as forests, grasslands, peatlands and wetlands leads to lower concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Such activities can also result in the creation, marketing, trading and sale of carbon credits. They also help deliver many other benefits, including improvements in biodiversity, water quality, flood protection and livelihoods.
Were offsetting in this case and you only do that as a last resort eliminate, reduce, offset is the hierarchy of approach. But fundamentally these wind turbines 10 megawatts or whatever have a great big bearing under there and are under a lot of stress and need lubrication in there and the only way to lubricate at the moment is through hydrocarbon-based products maybe 400 litres of gear, something like that and our contribution is to offset that part of it so through its lifecycle thats carbon neutral, according to Tucker.
He also said Shell, which already a strong presence in parts of the world, is looking to extend its presence in Europes renewable energy market. We have a presence in Europe, but well be striving to increase that, Tucker said. Were a user as well. In our facilities were a user of our lubricants but we sell our lubricants across the board to many, many players, added Tucker, who also said that Shell is part of the 2015 Paris Agreement to cut CO2 emissions.
At the end of the day, Shell signs up to the Paris Accord. We want to meet those targets. We have to change our mix in order to do that and in the phrase we use is thriving energy transition so were encouraging those things to happen. So, another part of my job, for example, is developing the fluids for electric vehicles so not only on the generation side but the use side as well, Tucker said. As part of the were investing in our new energy arm up to 2 billion a year in renewable sectors be it wind, be it onshore, offshore, floating, etcetera, solar, those kind of things, as well as new fuels, new fuel sources like biofuels, for example, so a whole spectrum of things recognising that we cant carry as we are, he said, stressing: We need to change and we want to drive that change not be a victim of that change but drive that change.