Japanese super-insulator facilitates cryogenic storage of hydrogen
- Mar 22, 2023 11:28 am GMT
The patented material, TIISA (thermal insulation inflatable solid air) has high porosity and liquid-like fluidity, providing superior thermal insulation and heat shielding for applications such as liquid hydrogen logistics (both transport and storage), home window insulation, and EV battery thermal runaway mitigation. The technology is set to enter pilot production in
TIISA is a unique silicon dioxide aerogel-like material developed by
TIISA has an extremely low thermal conductivity, reaching as low as 1mW/mK at slightly reduced pressure. Additionally, when blended with conventional thermal insulation materials, the composite mixtures thermal conductivity decreases from 30-40 mW/mK to as low as 18mW/mK.
Insulation has also become a critical characteristic of materials to combat climate change and energy crisis. Applications of TIISA range from housing and construction, EV battery thermal runaway mitigation, cryogenic hydrogen transportation to national defense. The use of super insulation can help to keep liquefied hydrogen at an ultra-low temperature to reduce boil-off losses, enhancing air-conditioning efficiency, and accelerating the adoption of green energy.
Hydrogen transportation and storage is one of the promising use cases of TIISA. According to Thermalyticas estimates, the use of aerogel in hydrogen transportation and storage potentially represents
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