How Middle East is leading chase in game-changing clean energy technologies?
- Jul 19, 2023 12:35 pm GMT
Middle Eastern nations have abundant reserves of oil and gas.
However, leaders across the region are aware that oil and gas will not be the main economic drivers forever, and many are now attempting to diversify their economies and expand their non-oil sectors.
Green hydrogen production is one of the areas the region is starting to heavily invest in. The process uses renewable energy to produce the element through electrolysis where water molecules are split into hydrogen and oxygen, capturing, and storing the hydrogen for use as fuel.
Hydrogen, the lightest and most abundant element in the universe, can be used for a wide range of applications, including power generation, energy storage, and transportation (particularly heavy transportation such as shipping and trucking). It can also be used to make sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), and most crucially, it offers a way to decarbonise "hard-to-abate" industries such as steel, aluminium, and cement, where using renewable energy alone is not possible, as well as other high-carbon industries such as fertiliser.
However, it was recently announced that
Blue ammonia is made from nitrogen and "blue" hydrogen derived from natural gas feedstocks, with the carbon dioxide by-product from hydrogen production captured and stored. Blue ammonia can be used as a low-carbon fuel across a wide range of industrial applications, including transportation, power generation and industries including cement, and fertiliser production and is the favoured mechanism to transport hydrogen over large distances.
The Gulf region is in pole position to become a major producer and exporter of hydrogen.
The region boasts enormous renewable energy resources and has the necessary space to produce green hydrogen on large scale, it is close to major demand centres like the
However, Gulf countries are still heavily dependent on the export of fossil fuels.
More stringent climate targets might in the long-term heavily reduce the revenues from oil- and gas exports. In this regard, a global uptake of hydrogen is a double-edged sword for the Gulf countries as it can be seen as a significant economic risk to the region.
No discussions yet. Start a discussion below.
Get Published - Build a Following
The Energy Central Power Industry Network® is based on one core idea - power industry professionals helping each other and advancing the industry by sharing and learning from each other.
If you have an experience or insight to share or have learned something from a conference or seminar, your peers and colleagues on Energy Central want to hear about it. It's also easy to share a link to an article you've liked or an industry resource that you think would be helpful.