Member since: 2016

My background is as an actuary, making financial forecasts for the insurance industry. In 2015, I began investigating how the limits of a finite world might affect the financial system, oil companies, and the power industry. I have come to the conclusion that the limits we are reaching are "affordability limits," rather than the common view of "running out." To be useful, energy of any kind must be inexpensive to produce; otherwise, its use will lead to recession and a shrinking economy. There is also a danger that the competitively set price will fall below the price level needed for energy producers to make a profit. If this happens, there is a danger of collapse from inadequate prices.

I explain my research findings on I also speak at conferences and write some academic papers. I am Director of Energy Economics for the Space Solar Power Institute, and I occasionally do consulting work. In 2015, I taught a course on Energy Economics at Petroleum University, Beijing.

I have an MS in Mathematics from the University of Illinois, Chicago. I am a Fellow of the Casualty Actuarial Society and a Member of the American Academy of Actuaries. Until 2007, I worked for Towers Perrin (now Willis Towers Watson). Between 2007 and 2013, I was a writer and editor for the no-longer-active energy website,