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Spain’s Hydrogen Ambition: Between reindustrialisation and export-led energy integration with the EU

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Ignacio Urbasos's picture
Researcher, Elcano Royal Institute (Think Tank)
  • Member since 2023
  • 1 items added with 237 views
  • Mar 31, 2023

My last paper for the Research Institute for Sustainability (RIFS) on how hydrogen is reshaping the Spanish domestic and international energy dimension.
You can find it here: 
Its main takeaways:
When published in 2020, the Spanish Hydrogen Strategy was focused on the creation of hydrogen clusters that could concentrate production and consumption, attracting economic activity associated with the molecule based on a narrative of reindustrialization.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine and the EU Commission's call in the REPowerEU to increase the level of ambition for renewable hydrogen has led to a change in Spain's hydrogen policy, reinforcing its external and energy security dimensions and contributing to a more geopolitically resilient Europe.
This strategic shift exposes a trade-off between hydrogen production for domestic consumption as a driver of green reindustrialisation, versus an export model that improves the Iberian Peninsula's energy integration with Europe.
Infrastructure development will be decisive in defining the prevailing model, as will European regulation on the definition of low carbon hydrogen and industrial policy.

Julian Jackson's picture
Julian Jackson on Apr 6, 2023

Thanks, that was a very useful rundown on the Spanish industry.  I understand the current cost estimates are between EUR 2.5 and EUR 5.5 per kg, is that correct? While the cost of hydrogen produced from fossil fuels is around EUR 1.5 per kg.  Do you envisage that the cost will drop to a level similar to fossil hydrogen? if so in what time frame?

Todd Carney's picture
Todd Carney on Apr 6, 2023

This is very interesting, do you feel all EU countries will be able match these kinds of developments?

Ignacio Urbasos's picture
Thank Ignacio for the Post!
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