The greater emphasis on cleaner sources to combat climate change demands increased transmission and distribution networks. However, the task is by no means an easy one as the mapping of the existing network and matching the newer transmission and distribution attract quite a many detail before execution. The emphasis being different globally – solar or wind requires altogether a different approach for each country.
The influx of renewable is not new as there have been examples of its share even before the current situation. Considering the world’s energy sources being still heavily dependent on coal, natural gas and oil, renewable mix needs to carefully plan their additions methodically. There has been considerable progress on laudable policy initiatives in line with renewable portfolio. The challenge before us is not only generating renewable but, more importantly effective transmission and distribution. Wind farms demand significant real estate are to be built far from urban centers in remote areas where land is cheap and available. What one needs to be careful is to avoid constant congestion and containment issues. Financers wish to ensure that these projects are viable and are risk free. Increased network also has to take into account storage facility without burdening the existing network lest the energy could be wasted. The task, demands clear understanding among all the players – policy developers, producers and executioners. The routing and end users are very vital in the executions of such a magnitude to match the demand and production. Competitive Renewable Energy Zones need be identified and planned meticulously to ensure risk free distribution. The ultimate goal should take into consideration the recovery of the investment in adding new transmission and distribution lines. Public Utility Commission may help in this regard to identify areas of development and construction of new lines.
Ultimately, what is very important is to strategize energy generation of the existing and additional renewable planned