Using gaming to better understand the management of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs)
image credit: Image courtesy of LiveData Utilities
- Aug 27, 2019 12:10 pm GMTAug 26, 2019 3:22 pm GMT
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This item is part of the Special Issue - 09/2019 - Distributed Energy Resources, click here for more
Can gaming help your workforce better understand how to manage the complexity of the brave new world of Distributed Energy Resources? Admittedly, applying gaming mechanics may not be an obvious choice to ensure the safety and reliability of the grid. However, we have all been gamified to incent some sort of behavior. In our own lives we try to earn frequent flyer miles and points in loyalty programs. Even in the power industry we are starting to see the application of game mechanics when our smart thermostats encourage us to change our home heating and cooling or when utilities send us reminders of how much energy we consume compared to our neighbors. This led my colleagues and me to explore how game mechanics might be applied to help with the challenge of the ever-growing numbers of resources being connected to the grid.
The challenge – Understanding why new architectures are required to manage DERs
The number of distributed energy resources (DERs) connecting to the grid continues to grow daily. This makes the grid increasingly complex as well as the jobs of system architects, engineers, and control room operators who work to provide safe and reliable power. We have had many conversations in which we heard the power industry recognizes this evolution as it works to integrate, manage, and control a constantly changing mix of DERs, systems, data, and their various communication protocols.
Traditionally, when new assets are integrated to the grid, they have required expensive, custom coding to allow their data to extracted, transformed, and loaded by the other assets with which they interact. The requirements of each asset’s specific protocol further complicated the custom coding.
Figure 1 Adding a new asset typically requires expensive custom coding for several connections to legacy assets.
A Solution – The Operational Technology Message Bus
In response to this growing challenge, system architects increasingly employ OT-centric middleware software patterns such as the Operational Technology Message Bus (OTMB). As seen here, OTMB acts as the critical bridge, providing data throughout a utility’s network of Operational Technology systems, devices, and Information Technology. This platform approach reduces integration time, cost, and maintenance while providing for future integrations. When configured to do so, the OTMB can offer a utility sheer visibility have across its enterprise as well as operational control of its assets.
Using an OTMB software pattern, adding an asset to a utility’s enterprise requires a single connection with the new asset’s native communication protocol. This approach vastly reduces the need, cost, and maintenance complications of customized programming.
While many Operational Technology architects, have an intuitive understanding of the need for new integration architectures to manage the complexity created by a constantly growing sea of DERs, many stakeholders in energy organizations do not.
Fig 2. The Operational Technology Message Bus software pattern requires one connection using the asset's native communication protocol.
The Gamification Experiment - Utility Commander
In order to help utility organizations understand the need for new software patterns like OTMB, some vendors are using gaming to overcome the inertia required to introduce new architectures to an industry that is inherently resistant to change. One such example is Utility Commander, a web-based game that places the player in a control room scenario.
Fig 3. Utility Commander – a computer game to educate and collaborate about the energy industry
Utility Commander has 3 primary objectives.
- Fun and Engaging – A gaming approach is used to amplify an existing industry experience and to foster engagement and collaboration around the growing industry challenge of DER integration.
- Demonstrate the value of OT-centric middleware in today’s power industry - While these software patterns have been used for many years in many other industries, the adoption rate has been slower in utilities.
- Education – While most people use the power every day, they have little knowledge about how their electricity gets to their light switches. Today’s consumers are increasingly interested in understanding how their choices impact the world around them.
Fig 4. The Operational Technology Message Bus software pattern is scalable, facilitates integration, and saves cost.
Game Mechanics – How to Gamify
Whether you enter the control room in Greendale and become a Utility Commander, or set out to create a gaming experience of your own, here is the list of attributes we believe are necessary to ensure an authentic and engaging gaming experience.
Evidence of accomplishments
Progress to higher levels of complexity and achievement
How I’m doing compared to others
Multi-player scenarios tbd
Accomplish a goal working with others
Feedback channel to hear from and collaborate with the industry
A context for achievement
Compare score to potential maximized score
Immediate feedback or response to actions
Real-time and cumulative scoring, playback to analyze performance
Short and long-term goals to achieve
Each level has individualized goal and maximum potential score
Status within my community
Levels become increasingly complicated with additional assets and tools
An engaging and compelling way to learn
Novel approach to visualize power demand and generation
Tangible, measurable evidence of my accomplishments
Scoring based on the profitability of your power generation
Where everyone stands
Hall of Champions tbd
The Conclusion - We want to hear from you
Do you think gamification has a role to engage more stakeholders in adopting new systems and architectures? Did you get a chance to play Utility Commander? What did you think? Let us know if you think this has a place in the power industry and what applications would you like to see. Good luck and have fun!