Total Costs and Revenues of Ownership (TCRO): An Innovative Approach to assess the Potential of Bus Electrification
- Sep 15, 2022 3:40 pm GMT
This item is part of the Electrification of Transportation - August 2022 SPECIAL ISSUE, click here for more
Authors: Baccelli O. (GREEN Bocconi), Papa C. (Enel Foundation), Grea G. (GREEN Bocconi), Armiento M. (Enel Foundation)
The objective of a Total Costs and Revenues of Ownership (TCRO) approach is to support the decision-making process of local public transport (LPT) companies and LPT services contracting bodies on bus fleets renewal in urban contexts. This strategic choice has become particularly complex over the last few years due to various factors, and requires an innovative approach in order to include new elements of both costs and potential revenues over the entire lifetime of the vehicle. This complexity is determined by the rapid and pervasive growth of a range of innovations aimed at greater environmental and economic sustainability of the LPT systems, namely:
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