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Total Costs and Revenues of Ownership (TCRO): An Innovative Approach to assess the Potential of Bus Electrification

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Gabriele Grea's picture
Researcher, Bocconi University

Gabriele Grea is a Researcher in the field of Transport and Territorial Economics. His activity concerns in particular the themes of smart and sustainable mobility, infrastructures and...

  • Member since 2022
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  • Sep 15, 2022

This item is part of the Electrification of Transportation - August 2022 SPECIAL ISSUE, click here for more

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Authors: Baccelli O. (GREEN Bocconi), Papa C. (Enel Foundation), Grea G. (GREEN Bocconi), Armiento M. (Enel Foundation)

The objective of a Total Costs and Revenues of Ownership (TCRO) approach is to support the decision-making process of local public transport (LPT) companies and LPT services contracting bodies on bus fleets renewal in urban contexts. This strategic choice has become particularly complex over the last few years due to various factors, and requires an innovative approach in order to include new elements of both costs and potential revenues over the entire lifetime of the vehicle. This complexity is determined by the rapid and pervasive growth of a range of innovations aimed at greater environmental and economic sustainability of the LPT systems, namely:

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  • Policy and regulation innovations at different levels (international, national and local);
  • Organizational innovations creating synergies between LPT operators, energy utilities and the financial sector;
  • Industry innovations, with the entry of new players in the vehicle supply market that are able to offer technologically advanced buses.


Matt Chester's picture
Matt Chester on Sep 15, 2022

I would also imagine more public funding will be coming down the pipeline that makes the financial decision that much easier, right? 

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Thank Gabriele for the Post!
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