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Impact of Electric Vehicles on Renewable Energy Industry

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Serkan Baran OZ's picture
Site Manager, FieldCore

I am a civil (construction) engineer with MBA degree. I am experienced in construction and project execution of buildings, steel structures, thermal power plants, solar power plants and wind...

  • Member since 2021
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  • Apr 9, 2021

The total quantity of registered cars in Turkiye are around 13 million according to TUIK (Turkiye Statistical Institute) at the end of 2020. According to various statistics from electric car users, an electric car consumes around 250WH per KM depending on weather conditions and average car speed. (When you drive faster, car consumes more power similar to internal combustion engine cars.) The average yearly range of a car is around 15.000KM in Turkiye as calculated by TUİK. If we want to find the total capacity of renewable energy to replace all internal combustion engine cars with electric cars, we can calculate as written below:

13.000.00 Cars x 15.000 KM x 250 WH = 48.750 GWH (Total Energy Required For Entire Year)

48.750 GWH / 365 Days = 133.5 GWH (Avera Total Energy Required For One Day)

An average wind turbine (depending on location and turbine model) produces 7,5 hours full energy in a day. An average solar power plant (tracking system) produces 6 hours full energy in a day (depending on location).

If we use only wind power to replace all cars, we will need:

133.5 / 7,5 = 18 GW Wind Power

If we use only solar power to replace all cars, we will need:

133.5 / 6,0 = 22 GW Solar Power

In 2021, manufacturers produce onshore turbines of 5MW such as GE Cypress platform. If Turkiye will use only onshore wind energy to replace all cars with electric cars, total 3.600 wind turbines will be required.

As of 2021, the most common PV module power is 400W (DC). To install 22 GW Solar power plant, total 66 million PV modules will be required (1.20 factor is used as AC/DC). In addition, 440 KM2 area is necessary to install 22GW which is bigger than Çankaya district of Ankara.

A very simple and rough formula can be revealed by using all these information and assumptions (similar car and KM statistics) to calculate total required renewable energy to replace all cars to electric cars in a country:

Population (in millions) x 0,25 = Required power in GW

Turkiye population : 83 million. 83 x 0,25 = 20,75 GW


Serkan Baran ÖZ

Mark Silverstone's picture
Mark Silverstone on Apr 12, 2021

Thanks Serkan.  I am trying to figure out what your point is.

My understanding is that Turkey generates most of its electricity with fossil fuels and 17% with hydro. I understand that two new nuclear reactors will be coming on line in 2028. But, I do not know how much power they will generate.

You state that in order to generate electricity sufficient to power a fleet of electrical vehicles, some 3600 wind turbines would be necessary or, alternatively, 440 sq. km. of solar PV. 

Are you saying that that is impossible? What about offshore wind? Ten MW wind turbines instead of the five MW you postulate, would require only half of the 3600. 

I wonder what the cost of those turbines would be compared to the planned nuclear facilities on a cost per MW basis?

Serkan Baran OZ's picture
Serkan Baran OZ on Apr 13, 2021

I wrote this article to give an idea about how much renewables we need in order to replace all cars with EVs. I did not consider the renewable capacity of Turkiye or real future plans of Turkiye. Turkiye is investing on a national electric car nowadays named TOGG. EV and renewables are hot topics.

We have no offshore wind in Turkiye as off now. There are ongoing 1000MW solar project and various onshore wind projects now. There will be a big wind investment in near future also.

I have no idea about cost of nuclear facilities...

Serkan Baran OZ's picture
Thank Serkan Baran for the Post!
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