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Visualizing Permian Oil & Gas Production (Through March 2020)

This article contains still images from the interactive dashboards available in the original blog post. To follow the instructions in this article, please use the interactive dashboards. Furthermore, they allow you to uncover other insights as well.

Visit ShaleProfile blog to explore the full interactive dashboard

These interactive presentations contain the latest oil & gas production data from all 27,209 horizontal wells in the Permian (Texas & New Mexico) that started producing from 2008/2009 onward, through March.

Total production

In March, about 4.1 million bo/d was produced from horizontal wells in the Permian (after upcoming revisions). The impact of the low prices only started to become visible in the following month, although, based on preliminary data (available in our subscription services), the drop appears to have been less than e.g. in North Dakota.

Supply Projection dashboard

But the horizontal rig count has fallen by 2/3rds since the start of this year, to just 131 rigs last week, according to Baker Hughes. At this level, and assuming no changes in rig & well productivity, the output would fall some time next year to below 3 million bo/d, as you can find in our Supply projection dashboard, after selecting this basin:

Tight oil supply projection in the Permian Basin, assuming no changes in rig count & productivity.

Surprisingly, as is visible in the graph above, output would still grow in the New Mexico part of the basin, as the rig count has declined less severely there.

Well productivity

In the “well quality tab” the production profiles for all these wells are displayed. Well productivity has steadily increased over the years, due to improvements in drilling & completion technology (esp. longer laterals and more proppants). Horizontal wells that began production in the past 2 years are on track to recover almost 250 thousand barrels of oil in the first 3 years on production, on average.

Top operators

In the final tab the production and locations are shown for the 20 largest oil producers in the Permian. As you can see, several operators set new output records in March, such as Concho Resources and Exxon Mobil. Occidental took the lead last year after it acquired Anadarko. The other 3 operators in the top-4 (Pioneer, Concho and EOG) were all at around 280 thousand bo/d in February. Strikingly, all 15 significantly increased output in the past 2 years.

Advanced Insights

The ‘Advanced Insights’ presentation is displayed below:

This “Ultimate recovery” overview displays the average production rate for these wells, plotted against their cumulative recovery. Wells are grouped by the year in which production started.

Operator ranking

Which operators have the best performing wells in the Permian? The Productivity Ranking dashboard within our analytics service can easily answer this question:

Operator ranking based on average oil recovered in the first year. Horizontal oil wells only.

On the right side you can see this ranking, with only the operators selected that operate at least 100 horizontal wells. SM Energy is in the lead, as the 234 wells that it brought online since 2012 (and have operated at least for a year) recovered over 160 thousand barrels of oil in the first year, on average. Ring Energy, which we discussed in our previous post, is near the bottom. On the map you will find all the selected wells, colored by this same metric (red is better).

Finally

More recent data is available in our subscription services (90%+ of the wells in the Permian already have April production data). We will have a new post on the Eagle Ford early next week.

Production and completion data are subject to revisions.

Note that a significant portion of production in the Permian comes from vertical wells and/or wells that started production before 2008, which are excluded from these presentations.

Sources

For these presentations, I used data gathered from the following sources:

  • Texas RRC. Oil production is estimated for individual wells, based on a number of sources, such as lease & pending production data, well completion & inactivity reports, regular well tests, and oil production data.
  • OCD in New Mexico. Individual well production data is provided.
  • FracFocus.org

Visit our blog to read the full post and use the interactive dashboards to gain more insight: https://bit.ly/2AXo8A5

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Enno Peters's picture

Thank Enno for the Post!

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