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A Survey of Protocol-Level Challenges and Solutions for Distributed Energy Resource Cyber-Physical Security

image credit: Energies Journal
Danish Saleem's picture
Senior Cybersecurity Systems Researcher National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Danish Saleem serves as DER Cybersecurity Standards Lead in the Energy Security and Resilience (ESR) center of National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL). He works with the public and private sector to...

  • Member since 2019
  • 9 items added with 5,951 views
  • Mar 10, 2020

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Please see the attached paper on challenges and solutions for distributed energy resource (DER) cyber-physical security, one of our more successful papers that has received over 10,000 reads in just a year and a half after being accepted by the journal.


I’ve copied the abstract below and attached the full paper for those interested as a resource:

Abstract:  The increasing proliferation of distributed energy resources (DERs) on the smart grid has made distributed solar and wind two key contributors to the expanding attack surface of the network; however, there is a lack of proper understanding and enforcement of DER communications security requirements. With vendors employing proprietary methods to mitigate hosts of attacks, the literature currently lacks a clear organization of the protocol-level vulnerabilities,attacks,and solutions mapped to each layer of the logical model such as the OSI stack. To bridge this gap and pave the way for future research by the authors in determining key DER security requirements,this paper conducts a comprehensive review of the key vulnerabilities, attacks, and potential solutions for solar and wind DERs at the protocol level. In doing so, this paper serves as a starting point for utilities, vendors, aggregators, and other industry stakeholders to develop a clear understanding of the DER security challenges and solutions, which are key precursors to comprehending security requirements

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Thank Danish for the Post!
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Matt Chester's picture
Matt Chester on Mar 10, 2020

 there is a lack of proper understanding and enforcement of DER communications security requirements

Are these measures required for even residential DER installations? I would imagine that these could be a particularly vulnerable area of the grid if there wasn't focus on the cybersecurity measures like there are for utility installations

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