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Dr. Ghous Bakhsh's picture
Associate Professor NED University of Engineering and Technology

Professional Experience:Ag. Chairman (Former), Electronic & Telecommunications Engineering, NED University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi, PakistanCo-Chairman, Electronic &...

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Power system evolution in remote rural communities across Sindh, Pakistan

 

Through last three decades, an invisible transformation took place in the power network across the rural Sindh. Almost all parts of rural Sindh witnessed the slow pace of changing from the main grid to an indigenous power network assisted by the power storage devices, diesel generators, PV and wind turbines. The chaotic and random feature of this slow disruption have now reached at a visible peak, removing the main grid from the rural Sindh altogether. The signs of the old main grid can be visible as one travels through the landscape. One wonders how this disruption took its toll on the periled main grid. The paper discusses causes, and consequences of this chaotic disruption and its impact on the future of microgrid across the region, where the multiphase power development is taken over by the customer completely.

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Mark Silverstone's picture
Mark Silverstone on May 5, 2021

Thanks for raising this issue and the many questions that follow.

According to the available data, 13% or about 940 million people have no access to electricity at all. I wonder if this number includes places like rural Sindh where the main grid has been disrupted and no longer serves its inhabitants? Is the 940 million number just a small portion of those who lack effective and reliable power because of the "chaotic and random feature of this slow disruption?"

How can the chaos of this disruption be managed and result in the microgrid "where the multiphase power development is taken over by the customer completely" in other places that lack any functioning legacy main grid? What are the obstacles to a government adjusting to the reality that the main grid will not likely function in any near future, and help the growth of these microgrids? 

Is it still the lack of effective technology? Is it the unwillingness of government to relinquish power (literally) in order to better serve constituents? Is it capital to establish the microgrids? All of the above?

 

Dr. Ghous Bakhsh's picture
Dr. Ghous Bakhsh on May 6, 2021

"According to the available data, 13% or about 940 million people have no access to electricity at all. I wonder if this number includes places like rural Sindh where the main grid has been disrupted and no longer serves its inhabitants?" 

A pertinent question. The answer is, 'Unfortunately, yes'.

"Is the 940 million number just a small portion of those who lack effective and reliable power because of the "chaotic and random feature of this slow disruption?"

The answer is, " yes too."                          

"How can the chaos of this disruption be managed and result in the microgrid "where the multiphase power development is taken over by the customer completely" in other places that lack any functioning legacy main grid? "The case in context is the development of the mobile communications, here. I see the power disruption to follow suit.

" What are the obstacles to a government adjusting to the reality that the main grid will not likely function in any near future, and help the growth of these microgrids? 

Is it still the lack of effective technology? Is it the unwillingness of government to relinquish power (literally) in order to better serve constituents? Is it capital to establish the microgrids? All of the above?"

Answer comes handy. Initially, it ia the last one here. The solution lies in closely following my proposed model. 

It is 

1. FIRST WAVE

single customer on RE.

2. SECOND WAVE

Multiple customer on RE

3. THIRD WAVE

Villages and communities switch to RE.

It is a tech mutiny. And the name is THIRD WAVE! IT IS COMING TO KNOCK YOUR ALL MODELS! HURRAH! 

Mark Silverstone's picture
Mark Silverstone on May 6, 2021

Thanks Dr. Bakhsh - I appreciate your telling us about this transformation. I would like to know more about the progress and what the people there think about it.  Are there any links to publications you can share about this phenomenon?

Is there any prospect for a reduction in Pakistan´s CO2 emissions? What role might this transformation play in that?  Is it related at all to the decreased rate of increase between 2017 and 2019?

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