Proof Electric Cars Can Cut Co2 Emissions by Half
- Sep 25, 2018 2:15 pm GMT
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Electric cars have had their critics, but now there is data that proves the effectuality of putting zero emissions vehicles on the road.
A new study commissioned by the European Federation for Transport and Environment reveals that small electric cars produce 50% less greenhouse gas than the equivalent petrol or diesel car. Comparing lifetime output, petrol or diesel vehicles produce 32 tonnes of CO2 in one lifecycle, compared to 15 tonnes for the electric alternative.
This report was released ahead of the world’s first zero emission vehicle summit in Birmingham, in hope that more nations will adopt the electric model and work towards replacing petrol and diesel vehicles. The summit comes after the Prime Minister’s pledge at the One Planet event in Paris, and will bring together world leaders, industry experts, academics and financial institutions to discuss targets and to showcase innovative technology.
Electric vs. Fossil Fuels
The UK press and transport research groups have often pointed out the carbon-extensive process of battery manufacture, and added particle pollution from the making of electric vehicles. The criticism has been a core focus of critics, leading to a huge underestimation of how much the electric model can achieve in terms of greenhouse gas reduction.
But the latest study calculates the total lifecycle of an electric car. This data includes everything from start to finish, including parts manufacture, battery manufacture, and the total energy consumption on the road.
This means that although electric cars are not 100% pollution free, they are still emitting significantly less greenhouse gas than their fossil fuel counterparts.
The immediate reduction in toxic air pollution has always been known when switching over to the electric model, but the true impact on CO2 has never been clear until the release of the findings by the European Federation for Transport and Environment.
Which Countries Use the Most Fuel?
When we look at the world’s most fuel guzzling countries, the US, China, Japan, India and Russia are the top five, with the US and China consuming far more than any other country in the world.
Whilst China and the US have both invested significantly in the electric car market, and are both in the top 10 countries with the biggest market shares in the electric model, the country being the most progressive is Norway.
Figures show that Norway has the largest market share, with almost one third of all cars being sold in the country being electric. In comparison to the US and China, the two highest consumers of fuel, the share percentage is exponentially more. Electric car sales make up less than 2% in the US, and less than 3% in China, whilst Norway’s sales are over 30%.
By volume however, China’s market is the biggest in the world. Drivers in the country have a growing interest in the electric vehicles, and the trend of choosing a plug-in car over a traditional fuel car is surging according to recent data.
With the release of the European Federation for Transport and Environment’s new study, and the world’s first zero emission vehicle summit, it is hoped that some of the major fuel consumers can do more to introduce electric cars as a lower carbon solution.