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National Energy Plan of Türkiye has been announced!

Yunus  Gülbahar's picture
Energy Expert, Freelancer

Energy Analyst, Independent

  • Member since 2023
  • 4 items added with 442 views
  • Jan 26, 2023

National Energy Plan of Türkiye has been announced and published last week by the Ministy of Energy and Natural Resources. The plan which is prepared based on 2053 Net Zero Emission target covers the period of 2020-2035. Some important results of the scenario in the plan are as follows:

  • Primary energy consumption increases from 147.2 Mtoe to 205.3 Mtoe during the period.
  • The share of renewable energy in the primary energy consumption rises from 16.7% to 23.7%, while the share of fossil fuel in primary energy consumption decreases from 83.3% to 70.4%.
  • The share of nuclear energy in primary energy consumption is expected to go up to 5.9%.
  • Electricity consumption, which has increased around 4.4% per year during 2000-2020, is assumed to increase around 3.5% per year during 2020-2035 to reach 510.5 TWh.
  • Total installed power capacity of Türkiye rises from 95.9 GW to 189.7 GW in which the share of renewable energy sources is expected to be 64.7% in 2035.
  • Hydropower plants, wind and solar energy installed capacities are estimated to be 35.1 GW, 29.6 GW and 52.9 GW respectively while installed power capacity of nuclear increases to 7.2 GW in 2035.
  • Installed power capacities of coal and gas also increase to 24.3 GW and 35.5 GW respectively.
  • The share of intermittent renewable energy sources in total electricity production scales up from 11.7% in 2020 to 34.3% in 2035 while the share of electricity production from thermic power plants declines from 57.6% to 34.2%. Furthermore, the share of renewable energy sources in total electricity production increases to 54.8% in 2035.
  • As the share of intermittent renewable energy sources increases, the need for flexibility in the energy system increases. Therefore, battery and electrolyser capacities are assumed to reach 7.5 GW and 5 GW respectively while demand side management increases to 1.7 GW in 2035.



Matt Chester's picture
Matt Chester on Jan 26, 2023

This is an exciting development. Is there optimism from those in Turkey that these goals will be met? 

Yunus  Gülbahar's picture
Yunus Gülbahar on Jan 26, 2023

Well, it is clear that setting goals is crucial not just for the market players but also for the investors, public institutions and even for policy makers. It shows how the future is going to be. Türkiye has a clear target for Net Zero Emission until 2053, so the objectives are mostly based on that target. Public and pravite institutions as well as other players like universities work together in coordinance to achieve the goals. ( Just to give an example of achieving targets, in the Strategic Plan 2019-2023 of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, installed power capacity of solar is aimed to increase from 5,063 MW in 2018 to 10,000 MW in 2023 and solar power installed capacity at the end of december 2022 reached 9,425 MW. For wind, it was to increase from 7,005 MW in 2018 to 11,883 MW  in 2023 and it reached 11,396 MW at the end of december 2022.)

Jim Stack's picture
Jim Stack on Jan 27, 2023

There should also be some energy efficiency plan in the forcast. Simple thinks like LED lighting and added home insulation can helpba lot. The coal should be able to be shut down. 

Yunus  Gülbahar's picture
Yunus Gülbahar on Feb 2, 2023

Indeed there is an energy efficiency title as well in the plan. Energy intensity in Türkiye decreased 25% in 2000-2020 period and  it is assumed to decline 51% in 2000-2035 period. About coal, even if installed capacity of coal increases during the period, amount of electricity produced from coal is decreasing but power plants are said to be closed or shut down when their operation time or life time is over. Carbon pricing will be an important factor for the future of coal power plants. 

Todd Carney's picture
Todd Carney on Feb 8, 2023

Very interesting, do you think Turkey will receive much international help on achieving these goals?

Yunus  Gülbahar's picture
Yunus Gülbahar on Feb 10, 2023

Through the alignment with the EU, there are Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) projects in Türkiye. Also some projects are funded by World Bank. For example, Türkiye is the first country that has made a grant agreement with World Bank for creating a carbon pricing market.  

Yunus  Gülbahar's picture
Thank Yunus for the Post!
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