- Aug 19, 2022 10:28 am GMT
There is little doubt that the oil & gas industry will be around for many decades to come. But it must achieve drastic CO2 cuts and do so economically. There are several pathways to this goal.
1. Keep exporting hydrocarbons and rely on importers to capture CO2 upon use. This option is problematic because many importers don't want to establish local CCS infrastructure.
2. Produce blue hydrogen for export. This option capitalizes on the exporter's capability to handle the captured CO2, but it is limited by the cost and complexity of long-distance hydrogen trade.
3. Produce various energy-intensive industrial products (e.g., steel or ammonia) for export. This option is attractive because most industrial products are easy and cheap to export and stockpile.
Our latest paper explores these different energy export avenues in a European context by modelling a future clean energy system between Norway (the exporter) and Germany (the importer). Steel is used as an example of an industrial export product.
We find that investment in steel trade is beneficial to Norway because it grants access to the global market, supporting prices and export profits. On the other hand, direct hydrogen exports are limited to the demand within Norway's Northern European neighbours, which is subject to considerable uncertainty.
Oil & gas exporters are therefore advised to invest in blue hydrogen exports to neighbouring importers and low-carbon industrial products to diversify into the global market. If hydrogen prices in importing regions are set by local green hydrogen production, such a strategy can maintain high profit margins for exporters. In this way, the oil & gas industry can rapidly decarbonize while maintaining high levels of profitability.
Get Published - Build a Following
The Energy Central Power Industry Network is based on one core idea - power industry professionals helping each other and advancing the industry by sharing and learning from each other.
If you have an experience or insight to share or have learned something from a conference or seminar, your peers and colleagues on Energy Central want to hear about it. It's also easy to share a link to an article you've liked or an industry resource that you think would be helpful.