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An Approach Towards Quality EIA

A. K. Shyam, PhD's picture
Assessor, Freelance Consultant

I am Dr. A. K. Shyam, intellectual acumen offering 44 years of established career in Environment, Health & Safety sector. I was associated with NABET, Quality Council of India as an Assessor...

  • Member since 2004
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  • Sep 10, 2021

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I have attempted an approach towards quality EIA specific to India.  But, the approach may be useful to other countries as well.

Matt Chester's picture
Matt Chester on Sep 10, 2021

Interesting article, thanks for sharing.

Do you see any avenues towards a future where such environmental impact assessments are standardized on an international basis?  

A. K. Shyam, PhD's picture
A. K. Shyam, PhD on Sep 10, 2021

I aimed this specifically to India but, if you feel that the situation demands a global one, I assure you that I will make an attempt and get back no sooner than I am ready.  Thanks Mr. Matt for your initial observation.  Regards,

Mark Silverstone's picture
Mark Silverstone on Sep 11, 2021

Just a suggestion: The International Finance Corporation of the World Bank has published extensive guideline and performance documents for preparation of Environmental Impact Assessments (Just Google "IFC EIA").  In addition they are updated to include, for example, social impacts in addition to physical environmental impact issues.

IFC standards also serve as templates for auditing environmental impact work, as well as follow up guidelines and procedures to measure actual impacts after project plans are implemented.

Indeed, I think I detect reference to IFC and other standards in the "Screening", "Scoping", "Public Consultation and Appraisal" terminology of this document.

This is not to discourage making EIA standards to suit a particular country or region or industry. However, it may be worthwhile to check those standards against internationally recognized programs to determine if any important aspects and impacts may not have been considered appropriately. Similarly, locally developed programs may include aspects and impacts that the IFC may not have considered, or have been approached or measured in a different and useful way.

A. K. Shyam, PhD's picture
A. K. Shyam, PhD on Sep 14, 2021

Thanks very much Dr. Silverstone for your observations. I fully agree that there are international guidelines on EIA which could be supplemented to the country specific legislation.  Unfortunately, they are not followed as it is clear that they hardly meet even the country specific guidelines let alone make reference to international guidelines.  In fact, the very approach to compiling the EIA document is so poor that they hardly meet even 10% of the desired goals.  Having said that, you may also have been a witness that international guidelines are in place to safeguard global environment.  But, what we have seen over the years is just the contrary to these provisions.  I am sure you will agree that world would have been entirely different from what it is today HAD these provisions been addressed in true spirit. 

I am attempting an international scenario as has been requested by someone where I would be addressing the international guidelines in addition to the country specific legislation as well.  I sincerely request your observations once I post it on the site, please.

Appreciate once again your observations Dr.    Regards,

A. K. Shyam, PhD's picture
Thank A. K. for the Post!
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