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Should Energy Companies Be Private or Public Entities?

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Jane Marsh's picture

Jane Marsh is the Editor-in-Chief of She covers topics related to climate policy, sustainability, renewable energy and more.

  • Member since 2020
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  • Mar 29, 2022

Three types of energy structures dominate the power grid. Public utilities, rural cooperatives and private energy companies deliver essential resources to their consumers. Power professionals must restructure production and distribution practices as the green revolution influences the electricity sector.

Society will increase its reliance on electricity as it decreases its fossil fuel uses. Private and public entities both benefit from power development and distribution systems. They also have limitations causing energy companies to choose one definitive structure.

Public Vs. Private Energy for Consumers

Public and private energy companies have varying effects on customers. In 2021, Texas experienced severe weather interference that impacted the power grid. The state has many private electricity companies because of its deregulation policies.

During the storm, deregulation adversely impacted consumers’ power access. When power lines went down, residents lost access to heat in freezing temperatures. Energy professionals strategized future prevention measures using renewables.

Texas may produce more than 38,000 megawatts (MW) of wind power. If the state creates more public renewable energy companies, they can enhance consumer support. Starting a public power entity may also improve renewable energy supplies’ accessibility.

Accessibility Differentiations

Public and private energy sectors benefit consumers differently based on their locations. There are more private electricity companies in high-income communities. Investor-owned power companies are monopolies with public oversight.

As electricity companies determine whether they may adopt renewables, they can evaluate production capabilities. Some regions produce more solar or wind power than others. They may also determine residents’ access to clean electricity before making the transition.

Private and public companies can track their energy’s accessibility using benefit tracking technologies. Business owners may develop exclusive member perks and offers to determine user engagement and satisfaction. Gathering accessibility data can help energy companies minimize limitations and improve production.

Price Differentiations

When regions determine whether energy companies should go public, they also evaluate price differentiations. Private electricity producers generally target high-income customers because they charge higher monthly rates. Public companies charge about 13% lower rates compared to private entities.

Renewable energy like solar is significantly more cost-effective than fossil-fuel-derived electricity. More individuals can rely on clean power and shrink their carbon footprints when utilities are affordable. Developing regionally compatible energy entities may improve power resilience.

Power Outage Resilience

Established nations like the U.S. lose up to $150 billion from power outages each year. One of the significant limitations during the Texas freeze related to poor energy regulations. State officials did not hold private companies accountable for their resilience practices.

Residents remained without power for days because of poor policy development. The government could work with public companies to establish resilience-enhancement methods. Utilizing renewables may also improve the power grid’s stability.

Wind turbines generate more electricity during storms that cause conventional grid outages. When regions rely on wind power instead of fossil fuels, they can minimize interferences. Renewable energy reduces the frequency and intensity of power outages, protecting humanity and the economy.

The Impact of Decarbonization

Many nations are developing sustainability regulations. Environmentalists target greenhouse gas emissions by establishing strict energy policies. Most global power comes from fossil fuels, which drive climate change.

Countries are shrinking their carbon footprints by decarbonizing their energy grids. The decarbonization goal requires all hands on deck. Using private and public power companies, regions can facilitate mass transitions from fossil fuels to renewables.

America produces about 4,116 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity annually. Nearly 60% of the power comes from fossil fuels. Replacing the energy source with renewables requires production expansions.

Public and private companies must expand solar and wind farms to produce more clean electricity. When the government, public and private entities work together, regions can reduce atmospheric degradation.

Are Public or Private Electricity Companies Better?

While public and private energy companies have their benefits and limitations, public entities may efficiently support national electricity needs. When connected to renewables, the power supply is more affordable and accessible for most consumers. Nations may work with public entities to establish clean electric grids and improve global sustainability levels.

Matt Chester's picture
Matt Chester on Mar 29, 2022

It's always interesting to see which states go in which direction-- is there any common thread about the states that opt to go one way vs the other, in terms of priorities, political leanings, populations, etc.? 

Jane Marsh's picture
Thank Jane for the Post!
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