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Recommendations for the treatment of radioactive water in Fukushima and Chernobyl.

image credit: https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Energy/Fukushima-s-contaminated-water-to-run-out-of-tanks-in-2022
Valery Andrus's picture
Scientific director BSA llc

Прорывные технологии в энергетике.Ищем партнера в новом бизнесе.Умножитель электроэнергии на базе MGA (Молекулярный генератор Андруса). Мы ищем инвестиции до 70 миллионов долларов США.Минимальный...

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 Short.  I am the author of new fundamental sciences: Neutron Physics, Neutron Chemistry, Neutron Astrophysics. (http://neutronscience.com.ua/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/The-ABC-of-matter-briefly..pdf).

https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Energy/Fukushima-s-contaminated-water-to-run-out-of-tanks-in-2022

From the point of view of the Neutron Sciences, the Government of Japan must act as follows, proceeding from the fact that particles of radioactive substances pose a long-term danger, and alpha, beta, gamma radiation is dangerous only at its high density:

 1.  To hold particles of a radioactive substance when pumping contaminated water, preferably in membrane filters, which are used in the preparation of drinking water from sea water.  In Japan, this should be in all services of municipal water utilities.

 2.  Water that is devoid of radionuclides, after passing through membrane filters, is mixed with ocean water to a state of sanitary irradiation of 30 microroentgen μRP / hour, after which the water is completely harmless.

 Thus, the dry residue is separated from contaminated water, with which they know what to do in nuclear energy, and diluted water is just warm water, which is cooled by the addition of fresh cold sea water.

 Radiation alpha, beta, gamma are thermal energy carriers according to the Neutron Sciences, which are dangerous for living organisms and people only at their high density.  All organisms on Earth have been adapted to irradiation up to 30 microroentgen μRP / hour  from the very beginning from the beginning of its origin.  Additive of fresh sea water can be produced in front of membrane filters.

 This is a very simple and most important continuous technology for disinfecting radioactive waters at Fukushima.  Membrane filters for obtaining fresh water from the sea are definitely in America.  I don’t remember which states.  This applies to urban water supply.

 P.S.

 Membrane filters on water channels retain the molecules of the dissolved NaCl salt, which are 10 times smaller than the molecules of uranium oxides UO2 and others, from which the fuel rod tablets of atomic reactors are made (according to Neutron Sciences).  To reduce the cost of the process, the number of membranes in the filter pipe must be set to a minimum so that desalination is not more than 10-15% of the original marine.

 I wish you success in protecting the environment.  If you have questions, ask, do not be shy.

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Bob Meinetz's picture
Bob Meinetz on Dec 24, 2020

"Water that is devoid of radionuclides, after passing through membrane filters..."

Valery, no water is devoid of radionuclides. Tritium is naturally produced by bombardment of oceans and lakes by cosmic gamma radiation, and is (for all practical purposes) impossible to separate from water.

Water being released at Fukushima has already been membrane-filtered for heavier radioactive isotopes, making tritium, a weak beta-emitter, the only significant source of radiation therein. With a half-life of 13.4 years, tritium slowly released into the Pacific will result in an imperceptible, and short-lived, increase in environmental radiation immediately in the vicinity of the plant.

Valery Andrus's picture
Valery Andrus on Dec 26, 2020

A radical way to purify the waters of Fukushima.

Nuclear power specialists are well aware that fuel elements tablets are absolutely safe for people even before they are placed in reactors. If, after stopping the reactor, the cassettes with fuel elements are removed, they must be disposed of in special containers with immersion in water. Can fuel elements be returned to their original state and disposed of? This can be done in the simplest way - by immersing the cassette in the same container and slowly pouring liquid nitrogen into it from below. After filling the container with a full immersion of the cassette, we wait for all the nitrogen to evaporate and get the original state of all materials that can be sent for recycling. This way there will be no nuclear waste. We do the same with Fukushima, pouring liquid nitrogen into the lower part of the baths, which contain radioactive water.

Hugo Minney's picture
Hugo Minney on Sep 27, 2021

I'm not sure that this is a very acceptable way to deal with nuclear waste.  If I can summarise - what you are saying is that you clean the water through membranes, then was the contaminant (the radio nucleotides) into the sea so that it's diluted to a level that "should not be noticeable".

Wouldn't it be nice if we could simply pipe all of the nuclear contaminants out to sea in long pipelines and assume that the public won't kick up a fuss?

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