Hydrogen and Decarbonising Transport: A Better, Greener Britain
- Jul 14, 2021 5:46 pm GMT
Hydrogen is a key strategic component to fully decarbonising the UK’s economy. The UK has strengths and expertise along the hydrogen value chain, particularly though our science and innovation ecosystems, supported by a long history of gas technology development and an integrated national network. We are well positioned to lead on the production of green hydrogen with significant technical expertise in electrolysers from world leading companies such as ITM Power, and the potential to generate significant quantities of renewable energy from offshore wind. We are home to world leading fuel cell powertrain companies such as Ceres Power and Arcola, and parts suppliers such as Johnson Matthey.
Our unparalleled access to carbon capture and storage sites is an enabler for the production of blue hydrogen. In transport, our focus is on the use of genuinely ‘green’ hydrogen, maximising its opportunities so that it can play a full part in our renewable energy system. Use of renewable hydrogen is already incentivised under the RTFO.
Hydrogen is likely to be most effective in transport in areas ‘that batteries cannot reach’, where energy density requirements or duty cycles, weight and volume restrictions and refuelling times make it the most suitable green energy source. Our dedicated R&D funding and support is now focussed on rail, maritime, aviation and heavy road freight: sectors where there is not yet a proven ‘winning’ technology, where hydrogen offers in-use advantages and the largest global market potential. We want to maximise its potential alongside electrification on trains, buses, and coaches. Commitment
The UK Government will publish an overarching hydrogen strategy in summer 2021, which will focus on the increased production of hydrogen and use across the economy, including for transport Progressing the UK’s hydrogen economy means rapidly expanding our existing expertise, and infrastructure to create a critical mass and overcoming barriers to production and use. There are areas across the UK with access to the necessary skills base, a range of potential customers (industrial, domestic, transport), as well as ready access to renewable electricity to make quick headway. 174 Part 2:
The plan in detail: commitments, actions, and timings
Hydrogen transport hubs unite transport with industry and energy sectors and can be used to drive local industrial strategies, levelling up, and local benefits. They accelerate technology development, test at scale providing better understanding of operational costs, and enable the benefits to be felt by users sooner. Commitment We will invest £3 million in 2021 to establish the UK’s first multi-modal hydrogen transport hub in Tees Valley.
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