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FERC and EIA Data Show Renewables Provided 97.4% of New U.S. Electrical Capacity and 24.4% of Electrical Generation in 1st Quarter 2022

Ken Bossong's picture
Executive Director SUN DAY Campaign

Executive Director of the SUN DAY Campaign since 1992

  • Member since 2003
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  • May 31, 2022
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According to a review by the SUN DAY Campaign of data recently released by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), renewable energy sources (i.e., biomass, geothermal, hydropower, solar, wind) provided 97.4% of new domestic electrical generating capacity and 24.4% of actual generation during the first three months of 2022. 

 

According to the latest issue of FERC's" Energy Infrastructure Update" (with data through March 31, 2022), utility-scale (i.e., >1-MW) solar and wind facilities added 1,639 megawatts (MW) and 4,114-MW respectively. Hydropower provided an additional 5-MW. Natural gas contributed the remaining 154-MW of the 5,912-MW in new capacity reported for the first quarter of 2022. [1] 

 

In March alone, wind (1,418-MW) and solar (240-MW) accounted for 100% of the new capacity brought on-line for the month. 

 

Renewables now provide more than a quarter (26.4%) of total U.S. available installed generating capacity - a share significantly greater than that of coal (18.2%) and more than three times that of nuclear power (8.2%). Only natural gas (43.9%) provides a greater share of capacity. [2] 

 

In addition, actual electrical generation by renewable energy sources set new records for both the first quarter and just the month of March. 

 

The latest issue of EIA's "Electric Power Monthly" report (with data through March 31, 2022) reveals that in the first three months of 2022, renewable energy sources (including small-scale solar systems) increased their electrical output by 18.3% compared to the same period a year earlier and provided 24.4% of total U.S. electrical generation. In March alone, renewables hit a record-shattering share of 27.8%.[3] 

 

For the quarter, electrical generation by solar sources grew by 31.8% while wind increased by 22.9%. Renewables comfortably out-produced both coal and nuclear power by 16.4% and 30.3% respectively. 

 

Notwithstanding current challenges posed by grid access and trade issues, longer-term trends suggest the continued and probably accelerating displacement of coal and nuclear power - as well as natural gas - by renewable energy sources, especially solar and wind. 

 

FERC data indicate that the share of generating capacity from solar and wind is on track to increase significantly over the next three years (i.e., by March 2025). FERC notes that there may be as much as 183,697-MW of new solar capacity in the pipeline with 60,288-MW classified as "high probability" additions and no offsetting "retirements." The "high probability" additions alone would nearly double utility-scale solar's current installed capacity of 72,070-MW while successful completion of all projects in the pipeline would more than triple it. [4]   

 

In addition, new wind capacity by March 2025 could total 72,341-MW with 18,339-MW being "high probability" and only 151-MW of retirements expected. Thus, installed wind capacity could grow by at least 13% and possibly by much more.   

 

“High probability” generation capacity additions for utility-scale solar and wind combined, minus anticipated retirements, reflect a projected net increase of 78,416-MW over the next three years, or almost 2,200-MW per month. That figure does not include new distributed, small-scale solar capacity or additions by hydropower, geothermal, and biomass. By comparison, net growth for natural gas will be only 10,778-MW. Thus, solar and wind together are forecast to provide more than seven times as much new net generating capacity as natural gas by March 2025... not to mention almost 360 times as much net new capacity as nuclear power (projected to add only 218-MW). Coal is forecast to drop by 30,241-MW. 

 

If just FERC's latest "high probability" projections materialize, by March 2025, renewable energy sources should provide nearly a third (31.31%) of the nation's total available installed generating capacity with utility-scale solar and wind accounting for 10.09% and 12.00% respectively, or close to a quarter (22.09%) combined. 

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Notes 

 

[1] Data reported by FERC in its monthly "Energy Infrastructure Update" are often preliminary and updated in subsequent reports. In particular, renewable energy capacity additions tend to be revised upwards. For example, in its December 2020 "Update," FERC reported 22,451-MW of renewable energy additions in 2020. A year later, it had revised that figure to 27,750-MW.  

  

[2] Capacity is not the same as actual generation. Capacity factors for nuclear power and fossil fuels tend to be higher than those for most renewables. Thus, in its most recent "Electric Power Monthly" report, EIA reported that renewables accounted for 24.4% of the nation's total electrical generation in the first quarter of 2022 - that is, somewhat less than what FERC reported was their share (26.4%) of installed generating capacity for the same period.   


[3] Unless otherwise indicated, the electricity figures cited above include EIA's "estimated small-scale solar photovoltaic" (e.g., rooftop solar systems) which accounts for 29.15% of total solar output and almost five percent (4.70%) of total net electrical generation by renewable energy sources.    

[4] FERC generally only reports data for utility-scale facilities (i.e., those rated 1-MW or greater) and therefore its data do not reflect the capacity of distributed renewables, notably rooftop solar PV which - according to the EIA - accounts for almost 30% of the nation's electrical generation by solar. That would suggest that the total of distributed and utility-scale solar capacity combined is significantly more than the solar capacity of 5.74% reported by FERC for the first quarter of 2022 and is perhaps closer to 8.0%.


 

Sources: 

  

FERC's 7-page "Energy Infrastructure Update for March 2022" was released on May 17, 2022 and can be found at: https://cms.ferc.gov/media/energy-infrastructure-update-march-2022. For the information cited in this update, see the tables entitled "New Generation In-Service (New Build and Expansion)," "Total Available Installed Generating Capacity," and "Generation Capacity Additions and Retirements." FERC notes that its data are derived from Velocity Suite, ABB Inc. and The C Three Group LLC. and adds the caveat that "the data may be subject to update."  

  

EIA's latest "Electric Power Monthly" report was released on May 24, 2022. For the data cited in this news release, see Tables ES1.A. "Total Electric Power Industry Summary Statistics, 2022 and 2021" and ES1.B. “Total Electric Power Industry Summary Statistics, Year-to-Date 2022 and 2021”at:  

https://www.eia.gov/electricity/monthly/epm_table_grapher.php?t=table_es...

and     

https://www.eia.gov/electricity/monthly/epm_table_grapher.php?t=table_es1b
   

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The SUN DAY Campaign is a non-profit research and educational organization founded in 1992 to support a rapid transition to 100% reliance on sustainable energy technologies as a cost-effective alternative to nuclear power and fossil fuels and as a solution to climate change. Follow on Twitter: @SunDayCampaign 

 

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