The Environmental And Economic Impact Of Offshore Wind Farms
- May 26, 2018 3:41 am GMT
This item is part of the Offshore Wind - Summer 2018 SPECIAL ISSUE, click here for more
As the United States moves towards an incipient boom in offshore wind farms, it might be a good idea to revisit some problems with the technology. Specifically, the hits against offshore wind farms comes from two fronts: economic and environmental.
The environmental impact is yet to be quantified completely due to the breadth of its magnitude as compared to onshore farms. To be precise, onshore farms are comparatively smaller in size, height, and area. Therefore, their environmental impact is mitigated due to these three factors. Offshore wind farms are larger in size and occupy greater area. Their case is further complicated by the fact that their effect spans terrestrial and marine ecosystems. The latter, especially, are delicately balanced chains which can be disrupted by the hulking monsters of offshore wind turbines. For example, noise due to construction can temporarily displace fish and other marine mammals, studies have found.
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