This is one of the reasons I'm in favor of microgrid solutions. We could create a number of community wide smart microgrids that can tie into a larger grid system and feed the whole thing via distributed energy resources. This would create a more resilient and robust grid that is updated. The ISO New England is one of the most antiquated parts of the national electrical grid system as a whole. The last major infrastructure update was done in 1957, since then they have been piecemealing it as needed, and has created a number of other problems.
By using DERs on a community and municipal level we have the ability to increase efficiency by cutting out the thermodynamic loss which can be as high as 40% by keeping generation, transportation, consumption and storage local. Smart system technology can handle load balancing, peak and off peak sharing of system resources, and it can add new assets as demand is increased across the entire network. This is the new smart grid of the future.
Unfortunately the utilities aren’t ready to accept this new reality and are doing everything in their power to hold to the old model of centralized distribution. In order to make these changes we will have to get changes done on a local and state policy level. DERs not only can make local grids more stable, robust and resilient but they can also create a revenue stream for local communities to invest back into their communities by providing jobs and selling any excess power to outside utilities, and fund projects that are needed locally.