IAEA explains nuclear's vital role in a carbon-free future
- Jan 10, 2020 12:55 pm GMT
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IAEA explains nuclear's vital role in a carbon-free future, 08 January 2020
Nuclear power provides 10% of global electricity, but to stem climate change the world is going to need far greater amounts of clean and reliable energy, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) says in a short film it published today. To tackle climate change, 80% of all electricity will need to be low carbon by 2050.
The video - Nuclear Power: The Road to a Carbon Free Future - notes that 30 countries currently operate nuclear power plants and that more than two dozen others are looking at nuclear energy to meet their power and climate needs. Russia, India and China are currently leading the way in expanding nuclear power. China has nine reactors under construction, the most anywhere. Countries elsewhere are also building new reactors, like Finland, and the United Arab Emirates and Belarus are close to operating their first nuclear power plants, while Bangladesh and Turkey recently started construction of theirs.
Juha Poikola of TVO power company in Finland, says in the film: "Our biggest climate act in Finland will be when the new reactor will start, in Olkiluoto." Ibrahim Halil Dere from Turkey's Ministry of Energy, says: "We believe that nuclear energy is an indispensible option for Turkey because it is emission free, environmentally friendly, sustainable and a reliable electricity source."
Currently 450 nuclear power reactors operate worldwide, but to respond to emerging needs and challenges, the nuclear power industry is looking ahead towards innovative solutions for the long-term operation of existing reactors, the timely expansion of ongoing nuclear power programmes, and the deployment of new reactor technologies, the film says. Several countries are developing small modular reactors (SMRs) and one has already been built in Russia, it adds, referring to the floating nuclear power plant Akademik Lomonosov.